Minimally invasive surgery for Gall bladder removal is referred to as Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy surgery in medical parlance. It is considered as the treatment of choice for patients with symptomatic gall bladder stones. Gall bladder is a pear shaped organ that lies beneath the liver on the upper right side of the abdomen. It collects and store the digestive fluid(Bile) secreted by the liver and releases it into the small intestine in order to facilitate the fat digestion.
Cholecystectomy is commonly carried out due to the symptoms or the complications produced as the result of blockage caused by the gall stones. Under such circumstances, the patient usually presents with excruciating pain in the right upper part of the abdomen. Patient is discharged from the hospital the very same day of the surgery. It is a very common surgical procedure with very few complications, if at all.
There are different ways of carrying out the surgery. One with the use of video camera and specialized surgical tools inserted through four small key hole incisions in the abdomen, is referred to as Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy and the other that is carried out with one large incision in the abdomen, is referred to as Open Cholecystectomy.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy surgery offers several advantages over conventional cholecystectomy surgery as mentioned below:
- Small Incisions
- Shorter hospital stay
- Minimal discomfort
- Minimal blood loss
- Quick recovery
- Early resumption of activities
- Aesthetically sound, minimal scarring
You may require Cholecystectomy surgery if you have evidence of
- Gall stones causing symptoms or complications-Most common indication.
- Gall stones in the gall bladder(Cholelithiasis)
- Gall stones in the bile duct(Choledocholithiasis)
- Gall bladder inflammation (Cholecystitis)
- Pancreas inflammation due to gall stones(Pancreatitis)
- Biliary dyskinesia, a medical condition in which gall bladder fails to function properly.
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